“Insular Mesolithic” 9000 > 6000 B.C.
The proximity to the Taravo’s fertile plains, the presence of an easily disposable mound and numerous rock shelters predisposed the site to a very long human presence. The excavations of the levels of layered soils have proved that Filitosa has kept the traces of this very long human presence, spreading from the VIth millennium B.C. until the Roman Age.
Ancient Neolithic 5800 > 4900 B.C.
Research led in a rock shelter places the beginning of the settlement in the site in the VIth millennium, which corresponds to the ancient Neolithic period. The population is small in size. They exclusively lived on hunting, fishing and berry gathering. The population used tools made of wood and hard rocks, such as flint or obsidian. The presence of this black volcanic rock in Filitosa is even more remarkable as obsidian does not exist naturally in Corsica. It was presumably imported from Monte Arci in Sardinia. The ceramic remains of this period show creative decorations. The potter decorated the vessel wall with the side of shell valves, often a cockleshell.